Wednesday, May 14, 2008

THE OIL PALM - AGRICULTURAL REQUIREMENTS FOR PROCESSING

  • the oil palm, Elaeis guineensis Jacq is a member of the tribe Cocoideae of the Palmae
  • was brought to Malaysia in 1870
  • approximately 12 to 15 bunches/palm/year
  • palms planted at 138 - 148 palms/ha
  • yield of bunches is usually 25 - 32 tonnes/ha/year
  • bunch ripens in about 150 days
  • palm transplanting to the field at about 12 to 14 months old from germination ; lined and holed at 9.1 or 8.8m triangle giving 138 or 148 palms/ha
  • bunch number was fluctuating between 135/ha in the pre-weevil days ; post-weevil, the bunch number/ha dropped to 11o
  • bleachability : oil from newly ripe fruit - 0.1R - 0.6Y = good ; oil from rotten fruit stored - 1.6R - 12.0Y = extremely poor

Source - Chan Kok Weng / Diploma in Palm Oil Milling Technology & Management (1997)

1 comment:

chandra said...

Short and simple, but very informative! Thanks for sharing this with me!@
Agriculture Education Requirements